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Research Projects Life Sciences and Green Technologies

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PhD Projects

Use of Vegetation from Paludicultures in Biogas Plants and as Peat Substitutes

Over 70 per cent of swamp land in Germany is now used for agriculture. The classic agricultural use of swamp land requires the swamp soil to be drained. However, lowering the water level has the effect of aerating large swathes of the peat body and hence its organic substance becomes mineralised due to aerobic microorganisms.  This results in the release of enormous quantities of climate-relevant trace gas such as CO2 and N2O into the atmosphere. A reduction in these emissions is only possible through re-waterlogging the peat body. This measure does, however, exclude further conventional swamp management, since the traditional agricultural crops cannot tolerate high water levels and normal management is no longer possible.
Paludiculture affords the opportunity to continue using re-waterlogged swamp locations by cultivating typical swamp flora such as bulrush or reed. The project investigates whether the biomass generated in doing so can be used as a biogas substrate, or following processing, as a peat substitute. Underpinning this are hopes of a win-win nature: on the one hand, preventing the release of trace gases from peat decomposition through re-waterlogging combined with the replacement of fossil fuels (biogas) and peat (horticulture) itself.

In order to examine the suitability as a biogas substrate, the doctoral degree ascertain the specific biogas and methane yield per surface unit of different paludiculture types depending on the cutting time and from this calculate the optimal harvest date. It is also examined how various paludiculture mixing ratios have a long-term impact on the anaerobic fermentation. To ascertain the suitability of the harvested paludiculture biomass as a peat substitute, at first different preparation methods are carried out (mechanical comminution through chopping with and without subsequent fraying as well as composting the chopped or frayed plant material by supplying nitrogen). The suitability of the processed materials as a starting substance for horticultural crop substrates in horticultural tests under realistic cultivation conditions. The doctoral degree therefore unites two contrasting elements: the wish for a high anaerobic decomposability for biogas and the slow, planned decomposability for the peat substitute. Efforts are made to resolve this apparently conflicting dilemma by scheduling the harvest and selecting the plant species.

 

MEMBER IN THE JOINT ACADEMIC PARTNERSHIP

since

Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University of Applied Sciences:

Prof'in Dr. Elke Meinken

Research focuses:

  • Peat substitute
  • Fertiliser/soil additives
  • Fertilisation strategies
  • Anaylitics

Knowledge of plant nutrition and soil science rank among the elementary foundations for resource- and environmentally friendly production in all areas of horticulture. Peat substitute, innovative fertiliser and soil additives, optimised fertilisation strategies as well as developing methods for conclusive laboratory and on-site analytics have been focus of research for many years.

 

Project:

Supervisor Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University of Applied Sciences:

Prof. Dr. Hauke Heuwinkel

  

Project:

Supervisor Technical University of Munich:

Prof. Dr. Cordt Zollfrank

  

Project:

M. Sc. Christina Hartung

Christina Hartung

Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University of Applied Sciences

Bachelor and Master: Biology, Technical University of Munich

Coordination

Get in touch. We look forward to your questions and ideas for our Joint Academic Partnership Life Sciences and Green Technologies

Dr. Michaela Stegmann

Dr. Michaela Stegmann

Koordinatorin BayWISS-Verbundkolleg Life Sciences und Grüne Technologien

Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaften Weihenstephan-Triesdorf
Am Staudengarten 9 | Gebäude H21
85354 Freising

Telephone: +49 8161 716358
life-sciences.vk@baywiss.de